Meny

Javascript verkar inte påslaget? - Vissa delar av Lunds universitets webbplats fungerar inte optimalt utan javascript, kontrollera din webbläsares inställningar.
Du är här

Phylogenomic relationships of diploids and the origins of allotetraploids in Dactylorhiza (Orchidaceae)

Författare:
  • Marie K. Brandrud
  • Juliane Baar
  • Maria Teresa Lorenzo
  • Alexander Athanasiadis
  • Richard M. Bateman
  • Mark W. Chase
  • Mikael Hedrén
  • Ovidiu Paun
Publiceringsår: 2020-01
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 91-109
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Systematic Biology
Volym: 69
Nummer: 1
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Oxford University Press

Abstract english

Disentangling phylogenetic relationships proves challenging for groups that have evolved recently, especially if there is ongoing reticulation. Although they are in most cases immediately isolated from diploid relatives, sets of sibling allopolyploids often hybridize with each other, thereby increasing the complexity of an already challenging situation. Dactylorhiza (Orchidaceae: Orchidinae) is a genus much affected by allopolyploid speciation and reticulate phylogenetic relationships. Here we use genetic variation at tens of thousands of genomic positions to unravel the convoluted evolutionary history of Dactylorhiza. We first investigate circumscription and relationships of diploid species in the genus using coalescent and maximum likelihood methods, and then group 16 allotetraploids by maximum affiliation to their putative parental diploids, implementing a method based on genotype likelihoods. The direction of hybrid crosses is inferred for each allotetraploid using information from maternally inherited plastid RADseq loci. Starting from age estimates of parental taxa, the relative ages of these allotetraploid entities are inferred by quantifying their genetic similarity to the diploids and numbers of private alleles compared with sibling allotetraploids. Whereas northwestern Europe is dominated by young allotetraploids of postglacial origins, comparatively older allotetraploids are distributed further south, where climatic conditions remained relatively stable during the Pleistocene glaciations. Our bioinformatics approach should prove effective for the study of other naturally occurring, non-model, polyploid plant complexes.

Keywords

  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Botany

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1063-5157
Mikael Hedrén
E-post: mikael [dot] hedren [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Biodiversitet

+46 46 222 88 94

+46 70 519 76 24

E-B372

50

Skyddsombud

Biodiversitet

+46 46 222 88 94

+46 70 519 76 24

E-B372

Sölvegatan 37, Lund

50

Forskargrupp

Växtbiologi

Doktorander och postdoktorer

Doktorander, biträdande handledare

Elsa Call